Written by Administrator
Friday, 24 December 2010 13:44
FEDERALISM OF SOUTH AFRICA AND INDIA
Evolution of Federalism : A Theoretical Analysis
Chapter I examines various theories of federalism and the federal government in both the countries conform to one or the other categories of federalism. The experience of various federal governments is taken into account at the time of constitution-making in South Africa. One can observe some common features in each federal government and on this basis one may analyze the constitution of South Africa and India.
South African Constitution : A Historical Perspective
Chapter II deals with the South African Constitution and one can discover the influence of Indian constitution on it. The executive, legislative and judicial experience of India can be helpful in the case of South Africa. The role of Indian judiciary in case of Right to property is very helpful in South Africa. An analysis of the working of the third tier (Local) of government, (Panchayatas and Municipalities), in our case, reveals its significant potential role in South Africa. Our experience in the formation of new states, changes of boundaries of states, river disputes, water management and centre-state relations at large are likely to be very helpful to South Africa.
Social Dimension of Federalism
Chapter III explains the social dimensions of federalism and attempts to offer concrete suggestion for the solutions of serious problems in both the countries; e.g. South Africa is confronted with problems like poverty, unemployment, land redistribution, education, health and others.
Political Dimension – Party System and Federalism
Chapter IV deals with political federalism in terms of multiple political party system manifested in democratic political structures. At the same time, South Africa, being a multi-cultural, multi-lingual and multi-ethnic society needs a civic society capable of overcoming these problems. The adoption of a federal system of government by the political parties provides a proper balance between the centre and provinces or states. The multiparty system at national and state levels strengthens the process of formation and functioning of federal structures in a democratic society. The division of power at different levels of government (national, provincial and local) can be made more equitable and fair in a country with a strong party system.
Economic Dimension of Federalism
Chapter V examines the various economic policies adopted to tackle a vast variety of problems pertaining to development in states or provinces. The implementation of various economic policies serving the interests of the majority of population i.e. the weaker sections is also a major concern here.
Summary and Conclusion
Chapter VI analyzes the federal structure obtaining in both the countries and based on the Indian experience of practice of federal government spread over a period of five decades, suggestions are made to South African government and people to benefit from our experience in tackling various problems which inevitably arise in the practice of a federal system form of government.
Last Updated on Friday, 24 December 2010 14:08